Speech-Language Pathologists provide evaluations and treatments in a wide range of areas including:
Cognitive aspects of communication:
- Do you have difficulty focusing your attention on a task for extended periods of time?
- Do you have problems remembering appointments, or whether you took your medication?
- Do you have trouble following directions, or completing a sequence of tasks?
- Do you have difficulty starting tasks, and setting goals to complete them?
- Have you noticed increased difficulty with personal lifestyle management activities, such as paying the bills and managing your checkbook?
- Do you have "slurred" speech resulting from a stroke, brain injury, or specific condition, or notice that people have difficulty understanding you?
- Have you noticed a recent change in your rate of speech, or often stutter as a result of an injury or medical condition?
- Do you have trouble keeping up with a fast-paced conversation or maintaining a topic of conversation?
- Do you have difficulty expressing your wants and needs, and desire a device that would improve your communication? Or do you have a communication device that you need help learning how to customize and use?
- Do you have difficulty thinking of the word you want to say?
- Have you noticed a recent decline in your ability to read and write?
- Do you have trouble understanding and following along in conversations?
- Have you noticed difficulty swallowing or a change in your swallow?
- Do you find yourself consistently coughing during and after meals?
- Have you had multiple episodes of aspiration pneumonia?
- Do you have trouble chewing?
- Have you noticed a change in your volume of speech or vocal quality (hoarse, raspy, breathy, etc.)?
Multi-sensory stimulation/awareness related to communication and swallowing: Speech therapists can provide stimulation through numerous modalities (oral, auditory, tactile, and visual, etc.) to improve response and awareness in people with severe disabilities.
These difficulties can arise as a result of strokes, head injuries, progressive neurological conditions (e.g. dementia, Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson’s Disease, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis), and cancer of the head, neck, and throat.
Stroke and Neurologic Therapy
Speech therapists provide communication interventions individually tailored to a client’s needs, such as:
- the training and utilization of compensatory strategies for speech, language, memory and swallowing
- the training and utilization of Augmentative and Alternative Communication devices
- improving safety awareness, memory, attention, problem-solving, reasoning to improve safety and functioning in the home
- swallowing education, such as aspiration precautions, risks, and diet recommendations in order to reduce the risk of aspiration
- improving speech and communication to a more functional level through stimulating therapy tasks and activities